May 26, 2021

Musashi Clan - History

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The order has a shinobisamurai origin. The history of the order goes back to the mid-16th century. 

On the 4th of June in 1582, right after Honnō-ji Incident 本能寺の変, the clan ancestors, Shibata Suwo and Nagamochi Tokuzo, escorted Tokugawa Ieyasu by the request form Hattori Hanzo, retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Together with other Iga and Koka shinobi, they guarded Ieyasu to Ise where Ieyasu and his retainers boarded a ship and eventually arrived at the Okazaki Castle in Mie successfully. 

Since then the Igamono shinobisamurai started to serve Ieyasu, and the Shibata-Nagamochi clan officially became retainers of Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1582. They became Iga "dōshin" (shinobi police constable) and belonged to Hattori Iganokami group.

They moved to Edo (in Musashi region) in 1590 with Tokugawa Ieyasu and thereafter served the Tokugawa Shogunate till 1868. 

The two families reestablished themselves as a new clan-order in Musashi Region. 

1582-1833: "Era of Edo Onmitsu Ninshi" 

The definition of the Edo Ninshi 

The ninshi are the samurai operatives (metsuke) and samurai who engaged in covert (onmitsu) activities for the Edo Tokugawa Shogunate, and those who became key to intelligence activities in Europe as envoys.

At the beginning of Edo period the first generations in Edo served in the Interior of the Edo Castle, as Hiroshikiban to guard the shogun's private quarters in addition to working as onmitsu (intelligence operatives). 

The eighth shogun Yoshimune created a division of oniwaban. Yoshimune also had an intention of changing the status of onmitsu to be like that of oniwaban, that is to say, they would serve the shogun directly. By the Bakumatsu period the order formed strong relations with the oniwaban families through marriages. 

Under the 11th shogun, the head of the Shibata family, Jinshiro, was transferred to work in the shogunate's Gakumonsho (shogunate university) in 1802. The time was just after the shogunate introduced a meritocracy system and shinobisamurai started to place importance in academic achievement.

Shibata Junzo received an award for his academic excellence in 1822 and was promoted to belong to the Hasei Goemon Group. In 1823 he became metsuke.

In the 19th century the shogunate changed the recruitment system and opened offices to talent, this provided the trigger for the shinobisamurai to study.

1853-1868: "Era of Bakumatsu Ninshi" 

The most noteworthy contributions to the society made by the members were done during the Bakumatsu period. There are two outstanding Edo ninshi personalities worthy of mention. 

One is Shibata Takenaka (also known as Shibata Sadataro Takenaka), gaikoku bugyo (commissioner of foreign affairs) and the other is Nagamochi Kohjiro Yoshiaki. They were brothers. 

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Shibata Sadataro Takenaka

Shibata Sadataro Takenaka (柴田 貞太郎 剛中, 1823–1877) 

He was one of the first Japanese samurai to visit Europe in 1862, then as the first emissary to station in France. (Shibata Mission/Japanese envoy to Europe in 1865).

In 1842 Shibata became metsuke (inspector). 

In 1843, awarded for his excellence in martial arts and the result in Gakumon Ginmi examination by the Tokugawa Shogunate. 

In 1858 Shibata became chief of staff in the gaikoku bugyo (foreign affairs department). Negotiated the matters regarding the opening of the Port of Yokohama, and finally managed to open the port to the world. Also assumed a leading position to negotiate with the delegations from the States and from Europe. His younger brother, Nagamochi Kohjiro was transferred to work in Nagasaki Bugyohsho (Nagasaki Magistrate's office) to help Shibata with his work.

His first visit to Europe was in 1862 as one of the principal members of the First Japanese Embassy to Europe . His nephew Nagamochi Goroji accompanied Shibata to Europe as his attendant. 

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Shibata Sadataro Takenaka in London - 1865

During the 1862 mission, Shibata was chief of staff and first secretary. In fact, Shibata was one of the heads of the mission and participated directly in the negotiations, but he did not express himself, he was there as an observer, he listened and took notes. On his return to Japan, he was to report on the progress of the mission and the behaviors of the negotiators. In fact, he was the key person for intelligence gathering in Europe. The newspapers of the time referred to him as "the shadow". Shibata negotiated with European governments and companies while conducting reconnaissance work.

In 1863, he became gaikoku bugyo (commissioner of foreign affairs). His first assignment was to go to Hakodate to negotiate with a Russian consul general Iosif Antonovich Goskevich regarding the opening of Japanese ports.

In 1865, the Shibata Mission was dispatched to Europe. Shibata stationing in Paris for a year, requested that both the United Kingdom and France send a military mission for training in Western warfare on behalf of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The UK declined, but the French accepted. This led to the first French military mission to Japan from 1867 to 1868, which Shibata organized.

He became in charge of the opening of the Port of Kobe, and had piers, residential areas for foreigners, and Tokugawa-do (Tokugawa Road) constructed. 

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Shibata Sadataro Takenaka in Paris - 1862

In 1868, he declared the Port of Kobe open to the world in front of foreign delegations.

Nagamochi Kohjiro Yoshiaki (永持 享次郎 穀明, 1826 – 1864) 

Started the first school in Nagasaki to teach English.

In 1844 Passed the Gakumon Ginmmi of the Shogunate.

In 1845 Nagamchi was appointed to work in Gamumonsho (Shogunate University). 

In 1849, Nagamochi became metsuke (inspector). 

In 1853, made a reconnaissance, as a Russian frigate "Diana" came in Nagasaki.

In 1854, appointed as one of the candidates for the captain of Kankohmaru presented by the government of the Netherlands to the Shogunate. 

In 1855, was transferred from the Nagasaki Naval Training Center to Nagasaki Bugyo Magistrate Office to assume the responsibility of chief of staff. 

In October, 1855, visited a Russian admiral, Putyatin, and negotiated on the additional terms of the Russo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce, and finalized a general agreement except for the attribution of Sakhalin and the handling of indigenous people at Gyokusenji Temple in Shimoda. The construction of Nagasaki Iron Mill started and Nagamochi was appointed to take charge of general affairs accounting.

In 1857, visited Jan Hendrik Donker Curtius, the director of the Dutch trading house in Dejima, Nagasaki, and learned the details of the Opium War in China, and reported it to Nagasaki Bugyo Magistrate. 

In 1860, reconnaissance work in April, after a Russian Frigate "Posadnik" appeared in Tsushima. In 1861, dispatched to Tsushima due to the occupation attempts by the Russian troop which arrived on the "Posadnik" and negotiated their withdrawal with the Russian captain Billilev. (Posadnik Incident)

In 1863, became president of foreign affairs delegation and commander of foot soldiers. In 1864, Transferred to Kyoto as metsuke to be under the direct command of the 15th Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, to guard the Imperial Palace leading 212 samurai.

Shibata Toku (柴田 とく, 1843 – ??)

On November 9, 1867, Taisei Hokan (大政奉還) (restoration of the government to the crown) took place and the clan became secluded.

After 1868: "Era of modern ninshi" 

The Order of Shinobi Samurai has defined the modern ninshi as "a person with expertise, belongs to the organization, finds and assembles information, and works for a common goal while walking the path of Harmony (和)" The order is open to all who can abide by the order creed.

Nagamochi Gorohji Akinori (永持 五郎次 明徳, 1845 – 1903) 

Learned Dutch and accompanied his uncle Shibata Sadataro Takenaka to visit Europe in 1862 as a member of the First Japanese Embassy to Europe. After returning to Japan he became a French teacher and Japanese Army lieutenant colonel. He was the Japanese father-in-law of a French captain Jules Brunet. In 1891 became the first president of Tokugawa Ikueikai Ikueigaku school, the predecessor of the present Tokyyo University of Agriculture.

Shibata Soyo (柴田 そよ, 1876 – ??) 

Shibata Sen'ichi Tatsunojo (柴田 専一 龍之丞, 1888 – 1956) 

In 1917 Shibata Sen' ichi Tatsunojo reformed the order as he joined the Salvation Army. He instructed the order to be a secret society for 50 years after his death.

Shibata Jin'ichi Tetusbunsai (柴田 仁一 鉄聞斎, 1928 – 2016) 

In 1951 Shibata Jin'ichi Tetsubunsai reorganized the order as Musashi Clan and opened a workshop to teach the shinobi family arts. 

Shibata Kiyomi Suzak (柴田 清美 朱雀, 1951 – )

In 2006, Jidai Academy was established by the order in Tabata, Tokyo after the 50th memorial of Sen'ichi Tatsunojo. Their family arts were named Musashi-Shibata-ryu. 

For decades the order has systematized its traditions and codified them as the fundamental principles and guidelines. In 2019 its fundamental philosophy was presented as “The Code of Shinobi Samurai, or “Ninshido” in the annual congress of the International Ninja Research Association. In 2014 the Academy became an LLC Musashi Ichizoku.

In 2017 the Headquarters was moved to Shibakoen, Minato, Tokyo (Japan Society for the Promotion of Machinery Industry Building 機会振興会館)

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